Unit one Friendship
Unit one Friendship
Direct speech and indirect speech
例如：The teacher said, “John, you must bring your book to the class. ”
1> 第三者说：The teacher told John that he must bring his book to the class.
2> 别人对约翰说：The teacher said that you must bring your book to the class.
3> 约翰自己说：The teacher said that I must bring my book to the class.
this---- that these----those
now---- then ago---- before today----that day yesterday----the day before; the previous day tomorrow----the next day; the following day the day before yesterday----two days before the day after tomorrow----two days later next week/month, etc.---- the next week/month, etc. last week/month, etc.---- the week/month before
E.g. A. He says, “I’m tired.”
He says he is tired.
B. He has said to me, “I’m tired.”
He has said to me he is tired.
C. He will say, “The boy was lazy.”
He will tell you that the boy was lazy.
e.g. He said, “I’m sorry.”
He said he was sorry.
e.g. She said, “He’s waiting.”
She said he was waiting.
e.g. He said, “You haven’t changed much.”
He said that I hadn‘t changed much.
e.g. He said, “The man came at six.”
He said that the man had come at six.
e.g. She said, “I will do it after class.”
She said that she would do it after class.
e.g. He said, “I had finished my homework.”
He said that he had finished his homework.
e.g. The teacher told us, “The earth moves around the sun.”
The teacher told us that the earth moves around the sun.
e.g. She said, “He can swim very well.”
She said that he could swim very well.
e.g. She said, “He could swim very well.”
She said that he could swim very well.
2）有些情态动词如must, ought to, need, had better等只有一种形式，那么在间接引语中形式不变。
e.g. He said, “I must study hard.”
He said that he must study hard.
直接引语为祈使句，变为间接引语时将祈使句的动词原形变为带to的不定式。引述动词有：tell, ask, order等。它的否定是在to前加not。它没有时态的变化。其他的变化和直接引语是陈述句的情况相同。
e.g. I said to her, “Please give me a glass of water.”
I asked her to give me a glass of water.
She said to him, “Come at five o’clock.”
She told him to come at five o’clock.
He said, “Don’t make so much noise, boys.”
He told the boys not to make so much noise.
直接引语为疑问句，变为间接引语时语序与一般从句相同，用陈述句的语序，be, have等助动词皆放在主语之后。引述动词常用say, ask, wonder, inquire等。直接引语为陈述句变为间接引语应作各种变化的要求也同样使用。
e.g. He said to us, “Are you going away today?”
He asked to us whether we were going away that day.
She said, “Is he your brother?”
She asked if he was my brother.
e.g. She asked, “Who will help me finish the job?”
She asked who would help her finish the job.
He asked, “What have you done?”
He asked what I had done.
e.g. “Do you like tea or coffee?” she asked me.
She asked me whether I like tea or coffee.
e.g. “What a brave boy you are!” she told him.
She told him what a brave boy he was.
e.g. He said, “How foolish I have been!”
He said how foolish he had been.
He said that he had been very foolish.
1． Can you tell me____?
A. who is that gentleman B. that gentleman is who
C. who that gentleman D. whom is that gentleman
2.  Can you tell me _____the railway station?
A. how I can get to B. how can I get to
C. where I can get to D. where can I get to
3.  I asked my lawyer _____say in court.
A. what I should B. what should I
C. how I should D. how should I
Eg. 直接引语：“I enjoy playing chess”
间接引语：She said that she enjoyed playing chess.
（4）一般疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时，首先将疑问句词序变为陈述句词序，去掉问号，然后在句子前面加whether或if。引语动词可用ask , wonder, want to know, don’t know ,be not sure , be puzzled 等，但不能用say, tell。
Eg.直接引语：“Are you feeling tired?”
间接引语：The teacher asked me whether I was feeling tired .
4.  They want to know _____do to help us .
A. what can they B. what they can
C. how they can D. how can they
5.  No one can be sure ____in a million years.
A. what man will look like B. what will man look like .
C. man will look like what D. what look will man like
6.  They have no idea at all________.
A. where he has gone . B. where did he go
C. which place he has gone D. where has he gone.
（2）第5题选A。第一个原因与上题一样；第二点关于疑问词的考虑，因为间接引语部分的谓语will look like 的like是介词，而介词必须带有宾语，因此使用连接词what充当介词like 的宾语。
7． Can you make sure _____the gold ring ?
A. where Alice had put B. where had Alice put
C. where Alice has put D. where has Alice put
Eg. He says “I didn’t go to school today.”
He says that he didn’t go to school that day .
Eg. The teacher said ,“The earth is round .”
The teacher said that the earth is round .
Eg. A. 直接引语：“it’s snowing.”
间接引语：He told me that it was snowing.
B. 直接引语：“I have studied English for ten years.”
间接引语：He said that he had studied English for ten years.
C.直接引语：“I am looking forward to seeing Tom.”
间接引语： He told me he was looking forward to seeing Tom.
D.直接引语：“We will miss the bus .”
间接引语：She was afraid they would miss the bus .
Eg. “I suggest that the meeting be put off till next week.” he said.
He suggested that the meeting be put off till the next week.
Eg. “I was born in 1950”.
He said was born in 1950.
8. The patient was warned _______oily food after the operation.
A. to eat not B. eating not C. not to eat
D. not eating
（12）直接引语如果是祈使句，变间接引语时，要使用“谓+宾+不定式”结构，引述动词常用ask , tell ,warn , advise, order 等。如果该祈使句的说话者采用的动词为said, 就将其改为told , asked 或 ordered等，如果祈使句中有please 一词，改为间接引语时，要将please去掉。
1．My father suggested _____ a jo6 in a hospital.
A. that I get B. that I got C. me to get .
D. that my getting
2. Can you tell me _____the 28th Olympic Games____?
A. when will , be held . B. when , will be held
C. when will be , held D. when ,will hold
3.Mr Brown is said _____a new novel.
A. to write B. to have been written
C. to be written D. to have written
4.He demanded that every student _____there at once.
A. went B. must go C. goes D. go
5. That man insisted that he ____ there.
A. should send B. would be sent C. be sent D. sent
6. I want to know ______.
A.what city does she come from
B.from what city does she come .
C.from which city does she come .
D. what city she comes from .
7.“Were you able to borrow Helen’s camera ?”
“No, she said ______lend it to anyone .”
A.she’ll rather not . B. she wouldn’t rather
C. she’d rather not D. she doesn’t rather
8. I wonder if she ____us , but I think if she ____us we will be able to complete the take ahead of time .
A. helps ; helps B. will help ; has helped .
C. helps ; will help D. will help ; helps
9. He said that he _____there for three years .
A. has studied B. had studied
C. studied D. was studying
10. Can you tell me _____ ? I haven’t seen you for years .
A. where have you gone B. where have you been
C. where you have been D. where you have gone
11. Ask him how much ________.
A. did it cost B. cost it
c. it cost D. it costed
12.“Do me a favour, please.” The teacher said .
The teacher asked us to ________.
A . do him a favour B. do me a favour
C. do a favour to her D. do a favour for me .
13.“Don’t be late again ”,the teacher said to me .
The teacher asked me __________ .
A. not to be late again B. no to be late again
C. not to be late more D. not to be late any longer.
14. I asked her ______me the book .
A. to give B. giving C. be given D. gave
15.“Make sure the door is locked ” Mother said .
Mother told me _____.
A . make sure the door is locked .
B.make sure the door was locked .
C.to make sure the door is locked .
D.to make sure the door was locked.
答案： 1、A 2、 B 3、D 4、D 5、C 6、D
7、C 8、D 9、B 10、C 11、 C 12、A 13、A 14、A 15、D。